Prostate Cancer

What you need to know

The prostate gland is located in front of the rectum and below the bladder. It’s function is to produce a secretion which aids survival and motility of sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting men, and is the fifth leading cause of death from cancer in men1. Factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer include age, family history, and race, as well as various genetic and lifestyle factors2. Most prostate tumours are slow growing and not present any symptoms, however some do grow relatively quickly and require treatment. Many tumours do not present symptoms, though a common screening test called PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) may indicate issues in the prostate.

This video (courtesy of Oncolex3) provides useful diagrams and explanations of prostate cancer development. If you are concerned about prostate cancer talk to your doctor or visit our Information for Patients page.

Sources of Information
  1. World Health Organisation – IARC
  3. Video courtesy of